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Musi waGumiguru 5, maererano nenhau dzakaburitswa pawebhusaiti yepamutemo yeNobel Prize, iyo 2020 Mubayiro weNobel muPhysiology kana mushonga wakakundwa pamwe chete nemasayendisiti matatu. Sekureva kwemishumo, vatatu vakakunda vakaita zviwanikwa zvinotyisa, vakaona hutachiona hwehepatitis C, vakaita kuti kuongororwa ropa nekugadzirwa kwezvinodhaka kutsva, uye kwakaponesa mamirioni ehupenyu.
Sezvo iyo Mubayiro weNobel muPhysiology kana mushonga yakatanga kupihwa mu1901, ka110 nguva yakapihwa Parizvino, kwave neve 219 vakunda mubairo weNobel muPhysiology kana mushonga, uye hapana munhu akahwina mubairo uyu kaviri kusvika parizvino. Zvinonzi. Mubairo wegore rino weNobel Prize wakawedzera kusvika pamamirioni gumi eSweden kronor (ingangoita RMB 7.6 mamirioni), kuwedzera kwemiriyoni imwe yeSweden kronor pamusoro pe2019.
Hepatitis C mishonga inosanganisirwa muinishuwarenzi yekurapa
Hutachiona hwerudzi C hunobatanidzwa muNobel Prize hunogona kukonzera hepatitis C viral hepatitis, inonzi hepatitis C. Maererano nenhamba dzeWHO, vanhu vanosvika miriyoni zana nemakumi masere pasi rese vane hutachiona hwehepatitis C, uye kune hutachiona hutsva hunosvika mamirioni matatu kusvika kumamirioni mana. gore rega rega. Huwandu hwevanhu vakafa kubva pamakumi matatu nemashanu kusvika makumi mashanu ezviuru. Vanopfuura mamirioni makumi mana vanhu munyika medu vanotakura hutachiona.
Zvinonzwisisika kuti iyo incubation nguva yehepatitis C ndeyemavhiki maviri kusvika kumwedzi mitanhatu, saka makumi masere muzana evarwere havazove nezviratidzo mushure mekutapukirwa nehutachiona hwehepatitis C, asi muchivande hutachiona huchiri kuita huipi uye zvishoma nezvishoma kuchikanganisa chiropa. Mushure mekutapukirwa nehutachiona hwehepatitis C, vangangoita gumi muzana (15%) vevanhu vanokwanisa kubvisa hutachiona vari vega, asi 85% yevarwere vakaomarara vanozoenderera mberi vawana chirwere chehepatitis C. chisingarapike Pasina kurapwa, 10% kusvika 15% yevarwere vanoita cirrhosis makore makumi maviri apfuura hutachiona, uye kuenderera mberi kwekuvandudza cirrhosis kunogona kutungamira kukundikana kwechiropa kana gomarara rechiropa.
Kunyangwe 60% kusvika 90% yevarwere vane HCV vanogona kurapwa, dzimwe nzira dzekurapa dzichangoburwa dzinopa mwero wekuporesa padyo ne100%. Nehurombo, chete ingangoita 3% kusvika ku5% yevanhu vanogona kuwana kurapwa kwakaringana.
Musi waNdira 1 gore rino, iyo nyowani vhezheni ye "National Basic Medical Inishuwarenzi, Work Injury Inishuwarenzi uye Maternity Inishuwarenzi Dhiragi Catalog" yakaitwa. Mitengo yemishonga yakawanda yadonha zvakanyanya. Pakati pemishonga makumi manomwe ichangowedzerwa, "Bingtongsha" uye "Zebidah" ​​"Xia Fanning" matatu hepatitis C madhiragi akaverengerwa mune yeinishuwarenzi yezvokurapa kekutanga, paine mutengo wepakati unoderedzwa unopfuura 85%, uchivhara varwere vese vejenotype.
Kuwana kuti murwere ichiri dambudziko
Hepatitis C hutachiona hutachiona hunotakurwa neropa. Nzira yaro yehutachiona yakafanana neiyo hepatitis B. Inowanzotapurirana kuburikidza neropa, kusangana pabonde, uye kutapurirana kubva kuna amai kuenda kumwana. Kupfuudzwa kweropa ndiyo nzira huru yekuendesa hepatitis C. Mumakore achangopfuura, nepo huwandu hwevakafa kubva kuzvirwere zvinotapukira senge tibhii, AIDS, uye malaria zvese zvadzikira, huwandu hwevakafa kubva kuhutachiona hepatitis hwasimudzira maitiro. Pakati pemakore gumi nemashanu kubva 2000 kusvika 2015, huwandu hwevakafa kubva kuhutachiona hepatitis pasi rose hwakawedzera ne22%, ichisvika 134 pavanhu zviuru gumi, zvichidarika huwandu hwevakafa nekuda kweAIDS.
Nyanzvi dzinotaura kuti kuvanda kwakanyanya ndicho chimwe chezvikonzero zvikuru chinotungamira kune huwandu hwevakafa hwakabatana nehutachiona hweH hepatitis C. Varwere vazhinji havana kuziva kuti vairwara. Chisingaperi hepatitis C hachina kiriniki kuratidzwa mudanho rekutanga, izvo zvinotungamira kukurumidza kunonoka uye kurapwa kwekupedzisira kwevarwere. Vanenge makumi masere muzana evatachiona vane hutachiona havawanikwe kudzamara vawana hutachiona hwecirrhosis nekenza yechiropa.
Munyika yangu, gomarara rechiropa rinonyanya kukonzerwa nehutachiona hwe hepatitis B uye hutachiona hwe hepatitis C, iyo 10% yegomarara rechiropa rinokonzerwa ne hepatitis B, uye gomarara rechiropa rinokonzerwa ne hepatitis C rakakwira se80%. Nehurombo, vazhinji hepatitis C varwere vakagadzira chiropa cirrhosis kana gomarara rechiropa pavanowanikwa, uye mutengo wekurapa wawedzera zvakanyanya. Kunyanya kune varwere vane decompensated chiropa cirrhosis, kana vasina kurapwa munguva, makore mashanu ekupona mwero unongova 25% chete. Naizvozvo, kutanga kuongororwa, kuongororwa kwekutanga, uye kurapwa kwekutanga zvakakosha mukudzivirira nekurapa hepatitis C.
Panyaya iyi, nyanzvi dzakaratidza kuti zvinodikanwa kuti uongorore varwere panguva yakakodzera, kunyatsoongorora mapoka ane njodzi, uye nekushingaira kuongorora mapoka ane njodzi kuburikidza nevezvenhau nemasangano ekurapa. Maindasitiri emukati anoratidza kuti vanhu vane nhoroondo yekuwedzerwa ropa uye kupiwa ropa muma1990 uye zvisati zvaitika, vane maitiro ane njodzi pabonde, nhoroondo yekupinda muropa nezvinodhaka, uye mamwe mapoka ane njodzi yekuratidzwa kweropa vanofanirwa kuita "kapeti kuongororwa ”kwevarwere vane hepatitis C, AIDS nezvimwe zvirwere Nhengo dzemhuri yenhengo dzese dzinofanirwa kuvharwa kuti dziongororwe.
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Post nguva: Chivabvu-17-2021